Modern Australian

400,000 women over 45 are at risk of homelessness in Australia

  • Written by Debbie Faulkner, Senior Research Fellow, UniSA Business, University of South Australia

Older women have been recognised as the fastest-growing group of homeless people in Australia in recent years. Yet until now we have not known exactly how many older women are at risk of homelessness. Our research, released today, finds about 240,000 women aged 55 or older and another 165,000 women aged 45-54 are at risk of homelessness.

The startling data from our research give us a much better picture of the scale of the problem. We also quantify the impacts of the various factors that may increase women’s risk of becoming homeless.

Read more: 'Uprooting, no matter how small a plant you are, is a trauma': older women renters are struggling

Effective policy is grounded in quantifying the nature and complexity of issues. To date, a limited but growing number of studies have highlighted the experiences of older women who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. But few studies quantified the numbers at risk and the factors that increase the risk.

What puts women at risk?

Older woman looks at her rent payment notices. Older people who live in private rental housing are at higher risk of becoming homeless. Shutterstock

Older people are generally considered to be at less risk of homelessness because of their higher rates of home ownership. But increasingly unaffordable housing has added to concerns about the circumstances and living situations of older people who do not own homes, have limited wealth and savings and do not have the benefit of living in social housing. These households rely on the private rental market and are at considerable risk of housing affordability stress and hence homelessness.

Read more: Older and poorer: Retirement Income Review can't ignore the changing role of home

To examine risk profiles, we constructed an empirical model of risk of homelessness since the 2007-09 Global Financial Crisis using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey. The modelling included people who hold a mortgage or pay rent in private or public housing and are aged 45 or older.

This work found older women are more likely to be at risk of homelessness if they have one or more of the following characteristics:

• have been at risk before

• are not employed full-time

• are an immigrant from a non-English-speaking country

• are in private rental housing

• would have difficulty raising emergency funds

• are Indigenous

• are a lone-person household

• are a lone parent (but little evidence for those never married).

We estimated these profiles using a statistical model to analyse the relationship between homelessness risk and the characteristics of interest. We controlled for other characteristics that are likely to influence the risk of becoming homeless but which were not the focus of the study.

Risk factors compound each other

Multiple factors compound the risk of being homeless. While noting sampling limitations (small samples in subgroups of the data and annual volatility), the HILDA data for the post-GFC period suggest:

  • for women aged 55-64 in a private rental, about 28% are likely to be at risk

  • for women who are also not employed full-time the percentage at risk increases to about 34%

  • for those who are also a lone parent the risk rises to over 65%

  • the risk increases to over 85% if, in addition, they have experienced at least one prior occurrence of being at risk.

400,000 women over 45 are at risk of homelessness in Australia Data: HILDA Survey, Author provided Clearly, a person’s propensity to be at risk of homelessness is cumulative over time. Read more: More and more older Australians will be homeless unless we act now Why the numbers at risk will grow Our estimates of the numbers of people at risk are accurate to within plus or minus 10%. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics population projections, it is clear that, without changes to policy, these numbers are likely to increase due to one important factor. The model shows a lone-person household is a dominant factor in increasing the likely risk of homelessness. Lone-person households are expected to comprise 24-27% of all households by 2041. This equates to between 3.0 and 3.5 million Australians (of all ages). Female lone-person households are projected to increase by between 27.6% and 58.8% (ABS 2019b). Australia has made little policy progress on housing affordability. We also have a severe shortage of social housing to meet demand. This points to the need to pursue other avenues to improve the lives of older low-income households. Read more: What do single, older women want? Their 'own little space' (and garden) to call home, for a start The Ageing on the Edge Older Persons Homelessness Prevention Project – funded by the JO and JR Wicking Trust and administered by Housing for the Aged Action Group (HAAG) – has worked over the past five years to give voice to these older women who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. The project works with interested agencies (government and non-government) to identify and promote early intervention and prevention strategies and to lobby for government policy change. Of course, there is one simple answer to achieving long-term outcomes that allow people the basics of a decent older age: an appropriate affordable home.

Authors: Debbie Faulkner, Senior Research Fellow, UniSA Business, University of South Australia

Read more https://theconversation.com/400-000-women-over-45-are-at-risk-of-homelessness-in-australia-142906

NEWS

the long history of preventing minorities from voting in the US

TANNEN MAURY/EPA“We really are the only advanced democracy on Earth that systematically and purposely makes it really hard for people to vote,” President Barack Obama lamented in 2016. He was...

Does Australia really have the deadliest snakes? We debunk 6 common myths

A red-bellied black snake Damian Michael, Author providedAs we settle into spring and temperatures rise, snakes are emerging from their winter hideouts to bask in the sun. But don’t be...

Rocky icebergs and deep anchors – new research on how planetary forces shape the Earth's surface

Shutterstock/HarvepinoHave you ever wondered why the Earth’s surface is separated into two distinct worlds – the oceans and large tracts of land? Why aren’t land and water more mixed up...

There's no single gene for left-handedness. At least 41 regions of DNA are involved

ShutterstockMost people consistently use the same hand to do tasks that require skill and control such as writing or threading a needle. We know genetics plays a big part in...

Specialist referral rules haven’t changed much since the 70s, but Australia’s health needs sure have

ShutterstockYou have a chronic health condition and visit your specialist for an annual check-up, but the referral’s expired. You’re told to get a new referral from the GP to claim...

It's about to become easier to lend irresponsibly, to help the recovery

Kittisak Jirasittichai/ShutterstockWhat used to be known as a requirement to lend responsibly is now regarded as red tape.The National Consumer Credit Protection Act introduced by the Rudd government after the...

'Virtue signalling', a slur meant to imply moral grandstanding that might not be all bad

ShutterstockLast month, on the centennial of the 19th amendment granting American women the vote, US President Donald Trump announced he would issue a posthumous pardon for Susan B. Anthony...

report shows COVID transmission is rare

ShutterstockAt the weekend, Victorian Premier Dan Andrews announced all the state’s primary school kids would return to school for Term 4. This is an update from the previously planned staggered...

As universities face losing 1 in 10 staff, COVID-driven cuts create 4 key risks

ShutterstockThe COVID-19 pandemic caused a sudden and very big decline in Australian universities’ revenue as a result of the loss of international student enrolments. Being excluded from the federal government’s...

how to support kids with a parent away fighting fires

ShutterstockAmong the sacrifices made by firefighters, and those who support fire-affected communities, is precious time spent with family. In California, thousands of firefighters and community support workers or volunteers have...

With polls showing Labour could govern alone, is New Zealand returning to the days of 'elected dictatorship'?

Labour leader Jacinda Ardern and National leader Judith Collins meet in the first TV debate on September 22.GettyImagesIn the mid-1990s New Zealanders adopted electoral rules they hoped would end the...

We're facing an insolvency tsunami. With luck, these changes will avert the worst of it

Supamotion/ShutterstockAhead of the budget, the government has announced new rules that will allow small businesses at risk of collapse to continue to work out their problems instead of appointing an...



News Company Media Core

Content & Technology Connecting Global Audiences

More Information - Less Opinion













Popular articles from Modern Australian

6 Stunning Ways to Spruce Up Your HouseHome renovations in hot climatesThree of the best detective games for mystery loversAuto Wrecker in NewcastleExperience the Excitement of a Day at the Races How Do You Know If You Need A Hearing Aid?Fitness Tips: 3 Ways to Stay in Shape At HomeWear a Mask and protect yourself in StyleWellness expert:  Cutting up your fruit cuts the goodness out of themRegain Your Natural Smile Getting Porcelain Crowns in MelbourneIs Photography Still Important In 2020?Thinking of Hiring a Boat? Check these Facts FirstDo You Know that Certain Serious Athletic Injuries Can Turn into Medical Malpractice?Most In-Demand Suburbs for Property Buyers in Australia Post Covid-19What Is Selective High School?